Impacts of Solid Waste Dumpsites Leachate on Groundwater Quality and Suggested Mitigation Measures by Targeting Specific Pollutant Sources: Ikhueniro, Nigeria

Main Article Content

O. M. Omorogieva
O. Andre-Obayanju

Abstract

The study of leachate is an on-going and current debate on global platform by researchers across disciplines. This is because of its impact on geoenvironment, particularly on groundwater resources. The study aimed at examining heavy metal and physico-chemical characteristics of leachate and its impacts on groundwater in Ikhueniro, Benin City Nigeria. The study findings will propose management strategies to promote environmental safety and groundwater resources protection. The study employed integrated scientific techniques and literature review to actualize its goals. The results obtained in the study revealed that the values of pH and Pb range were 5.78 – 6.80 and 0.03-0.05 mg/l respectively. Others include Fe (0.03-0.9) and Ni (0.05-0.64). It was observed that groundwater samples tested for heavy metal Pb, Cr, Cu, Zn, Cd, Ni and Fe in borehole tagged GW1, GW2, GW5 and RW within and around the study site were significantly impacted with Pb, Ni and Fe while GW2, GW5 and RW were lower in concentration of Pb, Cr, Cu, Zn, Cd, Ni and Fe. The study further revealed that leachate plume from dumpsite at the study site was the source of groundwater contamination. In view of the foregoing, the authors proposed that waste management techniques at grassroots level and strict compliance to the 4Rs methods of waste management practices as well as enforcement of environmental laws should be strictly adhered to in management of safe environment and protection of groundwater resources for sustainable development.

Keywords:
Leachate, environment, climate, groundwater protection, environmental management.

Article Details

How to Cite
Omorogieva, O. M., & Andre-Obayanju, O. (2020). Impacts of Solid Waste Dumpsites Leachate on Groundwater Quality and Suggested Mitigation Measures by Targeting Specific Pollutant Sources: Ikhueniro, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Geological Research, 3(1), 35-44. Retrieved from http://journalajoger.com/index.php/AJOGER/article/view/30100
Section
Original Research Article

References

Wreford K. An analysis of the factors affecting landfill gas composition and production and leachate characteristics at the Vancouver landfill site at Burns Bog. Unpublished M.Sc Thesis, Submitted to the Department of Soil Science, the University of British Columbia, Canada; 1995.

Erick A. Globalization, urbanization and municipal solid waste management in Africa: African Studies Association of Australasia and the Pacific. Conference Proceedings-African on a Global Stage; 2003.

Vrijheid M. Health effect of residents near hazardous landfill sites: A review of epidemiologic literature. Environmental Health Perspective. 2000;108:101-112.

Akujieze CN, Irabor. Assessment of environmental degradation of soil and groundwater: A case study of waste disposal in Benin west moat – Ekehuan gully Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. 2014;8(6):381-390.

Li X, Gao Y, Qian H, Wu H. Groundwater vulnerability and contamination risk assessment of the Weining plain, using a modified DRASTIC model and quantized pollution loading method. Arab Journal of Geoscience. 2017;10:469.

Omorogieva OM, Imasuen OI. Lithostratigraphic and hydrogeological evaluation of groundwater system in parts of Benin Metropolis, Benin City Nigeria: The key to groundwater sustainability. J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage. 2018;22(2): 275–280.

Imasuen OI, Omorogieva OM. Waste management as a practical approach to sustainable development: A case study of the University of Benin, Faculty of Physical Sciences. J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage. 2015;19(3):487-493.

Welch AH, Westjohn DB, Helsel DR, Wanty RB. Arsenic in groundwater of the United State of America; occurrence and geochemistry. Groundwater. 2000;38(4): 589-604.

Adetunde LA, Glover RLK, Oguntola GO. Assessment of groundwater quality in Ogbomosho township of Oyo state, Nigeria. IJRRAS. 2011;8(1).

Amadi AN, Nwankwoala HO, Olasehinde PI, Okoye NO, Okunlola IA, Alkali YB. Investigation of aquifer quality in Bonny Island, eastern Niger-Delta, Nigeria using geophysical and geochemical techniques. Journal of Emerging Trends in Engineering and Applied Sciences (JETEAS). 2012;3 (1):183-187.

Omorogieva M. Geoenvironmental characterization of leachate and hydrogeo-chemical properties of Ikhueniro dumpsite and environs in Benin City, Edo State. Unpublished M. Phil Thesis, School of Postgraduate Studies, Department of Geology, University of Benin. 2016;138.

Dascalescu IG, Morosanu I, Ungureanu F, Musteret CP, Minea M, Teodosiu C. Development of a versatile water quality index for water supply application. Environmental Engineering and Management Journal. 2017;16(3):525-534.

Dawood AS, Hamdan NA, Khudier AS. Assessment of physicho-chemical parameters and water quality index for Shatt Al Arab River, Iraq. Proceedings of 82nd ISERD international Conference, Istanbul, Turkey; 2017.

Elliot P, Brigges D, Morris S, De Hoogh C, Hust C, Kold-Jensen T, Jarup L. Risk of adverse birth outcomes in population living near landfill sites. British Medical Journal. 2001;323:363–368.

Unyimadu JP, Enekwechi LO. Leachate characteristics of Ojota landfill in Lagos. Journal of Nigerian Environmental Society. 2004;2(1):77–82.

Isley CF, Nelson PF, Taylor MP, Stelcer C, Atanacio AJ, Cohen DD, Mani FS, Maata M. Reducing mortality risk by targeting specific air pollution source. Science of the Total Environment. 2018;612:450-461.

Oteze GE. Living no one behind. A paper presented on world water at Benin Owena River Development Authority; 2019.

Erah PO, Akujieze CN, Oteze GE. The quality of groundwater in Benin City: baseline study on inorganic chemicals and microbial contaminants of health implication in boreholes and open wells. Tropical Journal of Pharmaceutical Research. 2002;1(2):75-82.

Imasuen OI, Omorogieva OM. Comparative study of heavy metals distribution in mechanic workshop and refuse Dumpsite in Oluku and Otofure, Edo, South-Western Nigeria. J. Appl. Sci. Environ .Manage. 2013a;3(17):425-430.

Short KC, Stauble AJ. Outline of Geology of Niger-Delta; AAPG Bu. 1967;51:761–779.

Edo State Bureau of Statistics. The Edo State Statistical Year Book. Fourth edition produced by the State Central Office of Research and Statistics. 2013;131.

Ikhile CL. Geomorphology and hydrology of the Benin region, Edo state, Nigeria. International Journal of Geoscience. 2016; 7:144-157.

Ojo SO, Ologe KO, Ezechukwu FC. Countdown to senior secondary certificate examination geography revised edition: Evans Brothers Nigeria Publisher. 1999; 421.
Wikipedia. Waste management; 2019. Available:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waste_hierarchy

American Public Health Association. Standard method for the examination of water and waste water (21st edn). Washington, DC:APHA-AWWA-WEF; 2005.

Zakaria SNF, Aziz HA. Characteristics of leachate at Alor Pongsu Landfill Site, Perak, Malaysia: A comparative study. IOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci. 2018; 14.

WHO. Guideline values for chemicals that are of health significance in drinking water quality. World Health Organization, Geneva. 2006;41-49.

WHO. Lead in drinking water. Background document for development of WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water; 2011.

Taylor MP, Schniering CA, Lanphear BL, John AL. Lessons learned on lead poisoning in children: One hundred years on from Turners declaration. Journal of Paediatrics and child health; 2010.
DOI: io.lll/j.1440-1754.2010.01777.x

Khan S, Shahnaz M, Jehan N, Rehman S., Shah MT, Din I. Drinking water quality and human health risk in Charsadda district. Pakistan J. Clean Prod. 2013;60:93-101.

Chen J, Qian H, Gao Y, Li X. Human health risk assessment of contaminants in drinking water based on triangular fuzzy numbers approach in Yinchuan City, northwest China. Expo Health; 2017.
DOI: 10.1007/s12403-017-0252-z

Elis A, Froom P, Nino A, Cahana L, Lishner M. Exposure to chromium and plasma lipid oxidation. Int Environ Health. 2001;7:206-208.

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). Toxicological profile for chromium. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service; 2012.

Akinbile CO, Yusoff MS. Environmental impact of leachate pollution on groundwater supplies in Akure, Nigeria. International Journal of Environmental Science and Development. 2011;2(1):81-88.

Kamble BS, Saxena PR. Environmental impact of municipal dumpsite leachate on groundwater quality in Jawaharnagar, Rangareddy Telangana, India. Appl. Water Sci. 2017;7:3333–3343.

Mukherjee S, Mukhopadhyay S, Ali Hashim M, Sen-Gupta B. Contemporary environmental issues of landfill leachate: Assessment & remedies. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology. 2015;45(5):472-590.

Basheer S, Rashid H, Nasir A, Parveen Z, Ashgar MZ. EIA guidelines for landfill site in Faisalbad using an integrated solid waste management approach. Ekoloji. 2018;27(106):1467-1477.

Stead D. 4 tips for creating a better waste management plan; 2019.
Available:https://recycle.com/4tips-waste-mgt-plan/

UNEP. Guidelines for national waste management strategies moving from challenges to opportunities; 2013.
Available:https://ec.europa.eu/environment/waste/publications/pdf/Making_Sust_Consumption.pdf

Greater Shepparton. Waste and resources recovery; management strategy 2013-2023. Waste strategy – 2018 revision, M18/83349; 2018.

Standard Organization of Nigeria (SON). Standard for Drinking Water Quality 2006:15-16.