Investigation of the Quality of Physicochemical Parameters in Water Samples From Qua Iboe River, Ikot Ekpene Stretch, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Nsima A. Akpan *

Department of Chemical Sciences, Ritman University, P.O.Box 1321, Ikot Ekpene, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria.

Rosemary B. Udombe

University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria.

Mfon B. Ukpong

Department of Chemical Sciences, Ritman University, P.O.Box 1321, Ikot Ekpene, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


Abstract

Water, whether used for the purpose of drinking, irrigation, domestic purposes, has an important impact on health. Although pollution can occur naturally, it is anthropogenic (man-induced) pollution that creates more problems. These activities include agriculture, fishing, sand mining, boating, industrial and automobile works, transportation of all forms and a host of other activities carried out by man to solve his social and economic problems. These activities are capable of causing severe damage to the aquatic environment. Standard methods were used to assess the physicochemical parameters in water samples from Qua Iboe River, Ikot Ekpene stretch, Akwa Ibom State. The levels of physicochemical parameters determined across the sampling locations were higher at the location (Afaha Ikot Ebak) with tremendous human activities and lowest at the location (Uwa) with the least human activities. Physicochemical parameters obtained across the sampling locations showed an increase with levels of human activities across the sampling locations. Although the levels of all the parameters determined were within UNICEF and WHO (2008) permissible limits, they were higher at locations with tremendous human activities. The sustainability of the studied river for use by the present and future generations demands routine monitoring to prevent escalation beyond tolerability limits given by regulatory bodies. 

Keywords: Physicochemical, analysis, water samples, Qua Iboe River


How to Cite

Akpan , Nsima A., Rosemary B. Udombe, and Mfon B. Ukpong. 2024. “Investigation of the Quality of Physicochemical Parameters in Water Samples From Qua Iboe River, Ikot Ekpene Stretch, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria”. Asian Journal of Geological Research 7 (1):31-40. https://journalajoger.com/index.php/AJOGER/article/view/154.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Ayanwu ED. Physicochemical and sources of trace metals. Analysis of Ogba River, Benin City, Nigeria. Journal of Biological Sciences. 2012;5(1):47 – 54

Nsi EW, Uwanta EJ, Akpakpan AE. Ekwere IO. Analytical Assessment of Borehole Water in Some Local Government Areas of Akwa Ibom State, South-South Nigeria. European Scientific Journal. 2020;6(13):122-136.

Abowei JF, George AD. Some Physical and Chemical characteristics in Okpoka Creek, Niger Delta. Research J. Environment and earth Sci. 2010;1(2):45 – 53.

Adefemi OS, Asaolu SS, Olaofe O. Assessment of the physico-chemical status of water samples from major dams in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Pakistan journal of Nutrition. 2007;6(6):657 – 659.

Ubong UU, Ikpe EE, Ekwere IO, Uwanta EJ. Physicochemical and Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) Analysis in Soil and Sediment from Vicinity of Ikot Akpaden, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Biology. 2023;19(1):16-24.

Ajibade LT. Assessment of water quality near River Asa, Ilorin, Nigeria. The Environmentalist. 2004;2491:1 –18.

Ikpe EE, Akpakpan AE, Akpan P, Ukpong EG, Okon O. E. Evaluation of proximate composition of callinectes sapidus, procambarus clarkii and sediment from Qua Iboe River, Nigeria. International Journal of Advanced Research in Engineering Technology and Science. 20196 (4):10 – 17

Ubong UU, Ekwere IO, Ikpe EE, Obadimu C. Assessment of physicochemical properties and water quality index of borehole water in Mkpat Enin Local Government Area, Akwa Ibom State. International Journal of Chemistry Studies. 2021;5(2):49-58.

Etuk BA, Udiong DS, Akpakpan AE. Human Health Risk Assessment of Trace Metals in Water from Cross River Estuary, Niger Delta, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Chemical Sciences. 2020;7(3):1-11

UNICEF and WHO Progress on Drinking Water and Sanitation Special Focus on sanitation. Joint Monitoring Progress; 2008.

Available:www.who.int/water_health/monitoring/contents.pdf

Udosen ED, Udoh AP, Benson RF. Trace metals levels in Tympanotomus fuscattus from Qua Iboe river estuary in Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. Integrated Journal of Science and Engineering. 2005;4(1):38 – 46.

APHA. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewate. 20th Edition, American Public Health Association, American water Works Association and Water Environment Federation, Washington DC; 1998.

Iscen CF, Emiroghe O, Ilhan S, Arslan N, Yimaz V, Ahiska S. Application of multivariate statistical techniques in the assessment of surface water quality in Uluabat lake, Turkey. Environ. Monitoring and Assessment. 2008;144 (1 – 3):269 – 276.

Ekiye E, Zejiao L. Water Quality monitoring in Nigeria, case study of Nigeria’s industrial cities. Journal of American Science. 2010;6(4):22 – 28.

Asonye CC, Okolie NP, Okenwa EE, Iwuanyanwu UG. Some physico-chemical characteristics and heavy metal profiles of Nigerian Rivers, streams and waterways. African J. of Biotechnol. 2007;6(5):617 – 624.

Uwah IE, Solomon FD, Rebecca A, Etiuma P, Unyime EE. Evaluation of status of heavy metals pollution of sediments in Qua Iboe river estuary and associated creeks South – Eastern, Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Pollution. 2013;2(4):120 - 132.

Abowei JF. Salinity, dissolved oxygen, pH and surface water temperature conditions in Nkoro River, Niger Delta, Nigeria. Adv. J. Food Sci. Technology. 2010;2(1):16 – 21.