Challenges and Prospects of Urban Residential Housing in ABA Metropolis, Abia State, Nigeria
Asian Journal of Geological Research,
The study investigated the challenges and prospects of urban residential housing in Aba metropolis, Abia State, Nigeria. A primary investigation involving data collection through questionnaire survey was employed by administering a total of 400 copies to residents in ten selected areas belonging to high standard, medium standard and low standard residential areas in Aba North and Aba South Local Government Areas of Abia State. The characteristics of the respondents for the study involved both indigenes and migrants who are occupants in selected sampled areas in Aba metropolis. More of the research questionnaire was administered in Aba South (79%) than Aba North (21%). Thus, a total of 318 copies of questionnaire were administered in Aba South against 82 copies of the questionnaire administered in Aba North due to population size differences. Both descriptive and inferential statistics were employed for data presentation and analysis. Findings of the study revealed that majority of sampled respondents (23.8%) in the low standard residential area earn low forcing them to embrace cheaper housing which they can afford because of the cost of house/land in other parts of the metropolis. The factors creating housing problems in the study area were: economy (77.2%); population increase (78.2%); land tenure (74.8%); the cost of land (74.3%); shortage of housing (77.5%) and weak housing policies (86.9%). Respondents attested to the fact that the quality of housing is poor in the study area because planned, healthy and livable environments supporting basic human needs (79.8%) amongst others are not adequate in the study area. The correlation between income and house ownership was significant (r=0.250, p=0.05); while factors that determine rent differ significantly in the study area. The study recommended that urban renewal strategy should be encouraged in Aba South through the provision of adequate infrastructural development to achieve social integration and addressing the problem of unemployment and poverty. Finally, the government should ensure they review residential housing policies directed at promoting affordability and solving the problems of the housing deficit in the study area.
- Aba metropolis
- residential housing
How to Cite
World Bank: World Development Report 1990: Poverty; 1990.
United Nation: Human Development Report. United Nation Development Programmes (UNDP); 2013.
Sule DR. Manufacturing Facilities: Location, Planning and Design (2nd Ed.). Boston PWS, Publishing Company; 1994.
World Health Organization: WHO Report; 2010.
Kehinde F. Housing policy and development in Nigeria. In Omotoso, F; Agagu, A. A. and Abegunde, O. (eds) Governance, Politics and Policies in Nigeria. Port Novo, Editions Sonoud’ Afrique; 2010.
Sulyman AO. Introduction to housing: Basic concepts and applications. Nigeria, Olad Publishers; 2000.
Angel S. Housing Policy Matter. Oxford, University Press; 2000.
Charles CZ. The dynamics of residential segregation. Annual Review of Sociology. 2003; 29(1):169-207.
Blunt A, Dowling R. Home. London, Routledge; 2006.
Ejenma et al. Housing challenges in Abia State, Nigeria. International Journal of Applied Research and Technology, Esxon Publishers. 2018;7(9):50–57.
Okafor BN. The residential housing problem in Anambra State (A Case Study of Onitsha Metropolis). International Journal of Civil Engineering, Construction and Estate Management. 2016;4(2):1-18.
Ismail et al. Urban growth and housing problems in Karu. Global Journal of Research and Review. 2015;2(1):1-13.
Olotuah A. Accessibility of low-income earners to public housing in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria. Civil and Environmental Research. 2015;7 (7):1-6.
Ezeigwe P. Evaluation of the causes of housing problems in Nigeria: A Case Study of Awka the Capital City of Anambra State. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development. 2015;6(20):1-7.
Bello NA. The economics of land and housing. Denab Publication, Abeakuta; 2008.
Chiuri MC, Jappeli T. Financial market imperfections and home ownership: A comparative study of Salem: Centre study in economic e-financial, Working Paper. 2000;332–345.
National Bureau of Statistics (NBS): Routine Annual Report. FGP, Abuja; 2011.
Ejenma E. Challenges and prospects of policy on residential layout housing in Abia State. PhD dissertation, University of Port Harcourt Rivers State, Nigeria National Housing Policy (1991). National housing policy, working document. FGP, Abuja; 2014.
Arundel R, Ronald R. Parental co-residence, shared living and emerging adulthood in Europe: Semi-dependent housing across welfare regime and housing system contexts. Journal of Youth Studies. 2016;19(7):885–905.
Eaqub S, Eaqub S. Generation rent: Rethinking New Zealand’s priorities. Wellington: BWB Texts; 2015.
Lennartz et al. Younger adults and homeownership in Europe through the global financial crisis. Population, Space and Place. 2015;22(8):823–835.
McKee K. Young people, homeownership and future welfare. Housing Studies. 2012; 27(6): 853–862.
McKee et al. Generation rent’ and the fallacy of choice. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research. 2017;41(2): 318–333.
Li J. Recent trends on housing affordability research: Where are we up to? Hong Kong: Urban Research Group, CityU on Cities Working Paper Series, WP No.5; 2014.
Ezennia I, Hoskara S. Methodological weaknesses in measurement approaches and the concept of housing affordability used in housing research: A qualitative study. PLOS ONE. 2019;14(8):1–27.
Wetzstein S. The global urban housing affordability crisis. Urban Studies. 2017; 54(4):3159–3177.
United Nations: The new Urban Agenda, United Nations conference on housing and sustainable urban development (Habitat III), Quito, Ecuador; 2016.
Aalbers MB. The financialization of housing: A political economy approach. New York, NY: Routledge; 2016.
Allon F. Speculating on everyday life: The cultural economy of the quotidian. Journal of Communication Inquiry. 2010;34(4): 366–381.
Sawyer M. What is financialization? International Journal of Political Economy. 2013;42(4):5–18.
Van der Zwan N. Making sense of financialization. Socio-Economic Review. 2014;12(1):99–129.
Dewilde C. Explaining the declined affordability of housing for low-income private renters across Western Europe. Urban Studies. 2018;55(12):2618–2639.
Forrest R, Hirayama Y. The financialization of the social project: Embedded liberalism, neoliberalism and homeownership. Urban Studies. 2015;52(2):233–244.
Aalbers MB. The great moderation, the great excess and the global housing crisis. International Journal of Housing Policy. 2015;15(1):43–60.
Byrne M. Generation rent and the financialization of housing: A comparative exploration of the growth of the private rental sector in Ireland, the UK and Spain. Housing Studies; 2019.
Fields D. Contesting the financialization of urban space: Community-based organizations and the struggle to preserve affordable rental housing in New York city. Journal of Urban Affairs. 2014;37(2):144–165.
Fields D. Constructing a new asset class: Property-led financial accumulation after the crisis. Economic Geography. 2018; 94(2):118–140.
Fields D, Uffer S. The financialization of rental housing: A comparative analysis of New York city and Berlin. Urban Studies. 2016;53(7):1486–1502.
Aalbers et al. The financialization of a social housing provider. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research. 2017;41(4):572–587.
The Economist. As safe as houses, Graphic detail Residential Property. The Economist. 2019;85.
Agbola T. The Housing of Nigerians: A review of policy development and implementation, Research Report No 14, Ibadan, Development Policy Centre; 1998.
Aribigbola A. Rational choice model and housing decisions in Akure, Ondo State Nigeria. Confluence Journal of Environmental Studies. 2006;1(1):53-63.
Onyike JA. An assessment of the affordability of housing by public servants in Owerri. Nigerian Journal of Land Use & Development Studies. 2007;3(1):21–34.
Akeju AA. Challenges to providing affordable housing in Nigeria. Paper Presented at 2nd Emerging Urban Africa International Conference on Housing Finance in Nigeria, held at Shehu Yaradua Centre, Abuja, Nigeria; 2007.
Onyike JA. Addressing the urban housing problem in Nigeria in the 21st century. Paper presented at the 29th Annual Conference of the Nigerian Institution of Estate Surveyors and Valuers, 21-26 April, Awka, Nigeria; 2009.
Onyike JA. Developing a funding model for housing the low-income farmers of the urban areas of south-eastern Nigeria. PhD Dissertation Department of Estate Management, Abia State University, Uturu; 2010.
Ugonobo CU, Emoh FI. The major challenges to housing development and delivery in Anambra State of Nigeria. Civil and Environmental Research. 2013;3(4).
Ibimulua AF, Ibitoye OA. Housing policy in Nigeria: An overview. American International Journal of Contemporary Research. 2015;5 (2):53-59.
Abia State Government: Report. The state of Housing; 2016.
Hoiberg DH. (ed.): "Aba". Encyclopedia Britannica. I: A-Ak – Bayes (15th Ed.). Chicago, IL: Encyclopedia Britannica, Inc; 2010.
Amadi et al. Comparative study on the impacts of Avu and Ihie dumpsites on soil quality in Southeastern Nigeria. American Journal of Chemistry. 2012;2(1):17-23.
National Population Commission (NPC): Population distribution by sex, State, LGA's, Senatorial District 2006 Priority Tables, 3; 2006.
Yamane T. Statistics: An Introductory Analysis, 2nd Ed., New York: Harper and Row; 1967.
Ogbonna et al. The determinants of squatter development in Southern Aba Region of Nigeria. African Journal of Environmental Technology. 2016;10(11): 439-450.
Aliyu AA, Amadu L. Urbanization, cities, and health: A review. Annals of African Medicine. 2017;16(4):149-158.
Diogu JO. Housing the poor in Nigeria: The integrated project. Association of Architectural Educators in Nigeria (AARCHES) Journal. 2002;2(1):1-6.
Ministry of Land and Housing, Abia State.: Report on Housing; 2015.
Abstract View: 1617 times
PDF Download: 986 times