Heavy Metal and Physicochemical Analysis of Well Water from Selected Areas in Wamakko Community, Sokoto State, Nigeria

Main Article Content

S. Salihu
N. B. Muhammad

Abstract

Aim: This research is aimed at investigating the heavy metals levels and physicochemical properties of well water from Wamakko community, Sokoto state, Nigeria.

Study Design: Twelve (12) well water samples were collected from four different areas (A, B, C and D) in Wamakko community (n=3). Heavy metals concentrations (Cr, Cd, Fe and Pb) were determined using AAS and physicochemical analysis (pH, Temperature, Cl-, CO3, HCO3 and TDS) were carried out using standard analytic procedures.

Place and Duration of Study: This study was carried out between November 2019 and January 2020 at Biochemistry and chemistry laboratory, Sokoto State University, Sokoto, Nigeria.

Methodology: Heavy metals concentrations (Cr, Cd, Fe and Pb) were determined using AAS and physicochemical analysis (pH, Temperature, Cl-, CO3, HCO3 and TDS) were carried out using standard analytic procedures.

Results: The levels of heavy metals investigated in all samples fell within the permissible limit approved by WHO and SON, with the exception of Fe and Pb. The physicochemical parameters investigated fell within the recommendable limit set by WHO and SON.

Conclusion: The well water from the studied areas contain higher than normal levels of Pb & Fe, which can be toxic and may pose risk to human health. Therefore, awareness and periodic monitoring of well water from these areas are required since it’s the major source of drinking water for the people.

Keywords:
Heavy metals, physicochemicals, wamakko, Sokoto and Nigeria.

Article Details

How to Cite
Salihu, S., & Muhammad, N. B. (2020). Heavy Metal and Physicochemical Analysis of Well Water from Selected Areas in Wamakko Community, Sokoto State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Geological Research, 3(3), 1-5. Retrieved from https://journalajoger.com/index.php/AJOGER/article/view/30108
Section
Original Research Article

References

Reza R, Singh G. Physico-chemical analysis of ground water in Angul-Talcher region of Orissa, India. Marsland Press, J. Am. Sci. 2009;5(5):53-58.

Prasad PMN, Abida B, Hariskrishna S, Irfanullah K. TIDEE (TERI information digest on energy and enviroment). International Journal of Chem Tech Research. 2011;1(2):245-249.

Haloi N, Sarma HP. Ground water quality assessment of some parts of Brahmaputra flood plain in Barpeta district, Assam with special focus on fluoride, nitrate, sulphate and iron analysis. Int. J. Chem. Tech. 2011; 3(3);1302-1308.

WHO. Guideline for drinking water quality (3thedu. Incorporating 1st and 2nd agenda) Recommendations. Geneva. 2011;1:668.

Abdulmojeed OL, Abdulrahman AA. Analysis of heavy metals found in vegetables from some cultivated irrigated gardens in the Kano metropolis, Nigeria. Journal of Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology. 2011;3(6):142-148.

Gueguen M. Rev, environ, contamination of toxicology. 2011;23-35.

Reddy VK, Prasad KL, Swamy M, Reddy R. Physic-chemical parameters of pakhal lake of Warangal district Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of Aquatic Biology. 2009; 24:77-80.

AOAC. Official method of analysis association of analytical chemist. Wash. Dc. 2005;15:11-14.

Sam. Science analysis: Determination of total dissolves solids (TDS) in water and waste water. 2013;67-69.

Omolaoye JA, Uzairu A, Gimba CE. Archives of applied science research. 2010;2(5):76-84.

Fahad NA. Assessment of the levels of some heavy metals in water in Alahsa Oasis farms, Saudi Arabia, with analysis by atomic absorption spectrophotometer. Arabian Journal of Chemistry. 2015;8:240-245.

Available:www.sciencedirect.com

Abdolmajid F, Mehraban S. Evaluation and assessment of drinking water quality in Shahrekord, Iran Resources and Environment. 2014;4(3):168-172.

Lawal RA, Lohdip YN. Physicochemical and microbial analysis of water from mimyak river in kanke LGA of plateau state Nigeria. African Journal of Natural Science. 2011;14:5-7.

Vinut H, Badawy MI, Wahaab RA. Environmental impact of somechemical pollutants on Lake Manzala. International Journal of Environmental Health Research. 2015;7:161-170.

ATSDR (Agency for toxic substances and disease registry). Toxicological profile for cadmium Atlanta, U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service; 2010.

Passaic GJ. Accumulation of cadmium in crop plants and its consequences to human health. Advances in Agronomy. 2017;51:173–212.

EPA. Enviromental protection agency. African Journal of Enviromental Science. 2010;7(5):43-56.

Adefemi OS, Asaolu SS, Olaofe O. Assessment of the physicochemical Status of water samples from Major Dams in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Pak. Nut. 2007;6(6):657-659.