Physical and Chemical Water Quality of Cirata Reservoir in Cianjur Regency Area

Main Article Content

Luthfi Widianto
Zahidah Hasan
Izza Mahdiana Aprilliani
Heti Herawati

Abstract

Cirata Reservoir is one of three reservoirs drained by the Citarum River. Cirata Reservoir is included in the category of multipurpose reservoir, where in addition to being used as hydropower, this reservoir is also used as a means of fisheries and tourism activities. Fish cultivation in Cirata Reservoir uses the floating net cage system (KJA). The amount currently exceeds the capacity set by the government. The KJA provides organic material waste which causes a decrease in water quality in the Cirata Reservoir. This research aims to evaluate the physical and chemical parameters of river Cirata Reservoir in the Cianjur Regency. This research was carried out in the Cirata Reservoir in the Cianjur Regency area by taking three stations as a sampling area in November-December 2019. The method used was purposive sampling and quantitative descriptive analysis. Research results show fluctuations in the range of physical-chemical parameters of waters in Cirata Reservoir in Cianjur Regency as follows: Transparency 0.59 - 0.68 meters, Temperature 32.9 - 33.3°C, pH 7.2 - 7.5, Carbon dioxide (CO2) 11.2 - 13.3 mg / L, Dissolved Oxygen (DO) 8 - 8.8 mg / L, Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) 7.2 - 8.3 mg / L, Nitrates 0.192 - 0.204 mg / L Ammonia 0.003 - 0.004 mg / L, and Phosphate 0.162 - 0.171 mg / L.

Keywords:
Cirata reservoir, floating net cage system (KJA), water quality.

Article Details

How to Cite
Widianto, L., Hasan, Z., Aprilliani, I. M., & Herawati, H. (2020). Physical and Chemical Water Quality of Cirata Reservoir in Cianjur Regency Area. Asian Journal of Geological Research, 3(3), 35-41. Retrieved from https://journalajoger.com/index.php/AJOGER/article/view/30112
Section
Original Research Article

References

Garno YS, dan TA Adibroto. Impact of fish fattening in multipurpose reservoir water bodies on water quality and reservoir potential. Sem-Nas Proceedings. Management and Utilization of Lakes & Reservoirs. IPB, Bogor. 1999;XVII:1-10.

Muhaniah S. CHAPTER III general description of the study area location and condition of Cirata Reservoir; 2010. [OnLine]. Available:http://www.academia.edu (Accessed June 17, 2019)

Cianjur Maritime and Fisheries Service (DKPP). Geographical Cirata Cianjur Region. Department of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries in Cianjur Region, Cianjur. 2016;1.

Sukimin S. Development of sustainable fisheries management in the reservoir area Ir. H. Juanda. Fish Culture Management Workshop in Jatiluhur Reservoir. Research and Development Center, Agricultural Research and Development Agency, Ministry of Agriculture; 2000.

Garno YS. Status and characteristics of pollution in the Citarum cascade reservoir. Journal of Environmental Technology. 2001;2(2):207-213. ISSN 1411-318X.

Zahidah. Water quality trends in cirata reservoir. Dissertation. Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, Padjadjaran University, Bandung; 2010.

Government Regulation of the Republic of Indonesia Number 82 Year 2001 Concerning Water Quality Management and Water Pollution Control. State Secretary of the Republic of Indonesia. Jakarta.

Salmin. Dissolved Oxygen (DO) and Biological Oxygen Needs (BOD) as one indicator for determining aquatic quality. Oceana. 2005;30(3):21-26.

Widdyastusi R. NMT, Pratiwi dan EM Adiwilaga. Periphyton primary productivity in Ciampea River, Ciampea Udik Village, Bogor During the Dry Season 2010. Thesis. Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science. Department of Water Resource Management. Bogor Agricultural Institute. Bogor; 2011.

Effendi H. Water quality study for water resources and environmental management. Fifth Matter. Yogyakarta: Canisius. 2003;236.

Decree of the Minister of Environment Number 51 of 2004. Concerning Sea Water Quality Standards.

Araoye PA. The seasonal variation of pH and Dissolve Oxygen (DO2) concentration in Asa Lake Ilorin, Nigeria. International Journal of Physical Science. 2009;4(5): 271-274.

Barus TA. Introduction to limnology studies on river and lake ecosystems. USU's Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences Medan; 2001.

Zahidah. Phytoplankton dynamics in cirata reservoir in relation to primary aquatic productivity. Dissertation. Padjadjaran University Postgraduate Program. Bandung; 2006.

Brower JE, Jerrold HZ, Car INVE. Field and laboratory methods for general ecology. Third Edition. Wm. C. Brown Publisher, USA, New York; 1990.

Krismono ASN, Krismono. Upwelling indicators from the aspect of water quality in the waters of Ir. H. Djuanda, Jatiluhur-West Java. Indonesian Fisheries Research Journal Resource and Arrest Edition. 2003;9(4):73-85.

Puspitaningsih S. Vertical dynamics of nutrients (N, P, Si) and primary phytoplankton productivity and determination of trophic status at two different locations in Jatiluhur Reservoir. S2 Thesis of Biology Department, ITB. Bandung; 2008.